The weather in Berlin was spectacular during our visit in April 2017. The temperature was in the 50’s and 60’s with sun everyday, unusual for this time of year in this interesting city. We were told that this is the fourth consecutive winter with virtually no snow and record warm temperatures.

 

Berliner Dom – Berlin Cathedral Church

The Berliner Dom

The Berlin Cathedral Church – Berliner Dom – is the largest church in the city. Built between 1894 and 1905, the Cathedral sits on the Spree River in the heart of Berlin.

In the background is the famous Television Tower – the Fernsehturm – built in the late 1960’s by the government of the German Democratic Republic as a display of communist power.  It is the tallest structure in Germany at 368 meters. The sun’s reflection on the dome appears in the form of a cross, referred to as the ‘Pope’s revenge.’

Mauer Park Market

The Sunday flea market at Mauer Park was jammed with visitors, musicians, food trucks, two young ladies on stilts and there were vendors as well.

Part of the entertainment at the lively – and crowded – Sunday flea market in Berlin
Berlin’s Mauer Park Sunday flea market
Bargains at the Mauer Park Sunday Flea Market

 

 

Cold War Tour of Berlin

On our first day in the city, we scheduled the Cold War walking tour with Insider Tour and managed to be on the road by 9 am. It was well worth it. We traversed the city on foot and aboard Berlin’s easy to use public transit system with 16 others and Barnaby, our expert guide. A bonus to the tour: it was a great way to learn the transit system with a veteran, which paid off once we ventured on our own the next few days.

Over the course of our four hours with Barnaby, we covered the history of post WW II Germany standing in the places where it unfolded. In 1961, the East German government, weary of the brain drain as citizens flooded to the west through Berlin, overnight erected a barbed-wire barrier. The wire was replaced by ‘The Wall.” In fact, there were ultimately two walls, running parallel to each for 27 miles separating east and west Berlin. In between the two structures was once a field of land mines and anti-tank barriers, looked after from 132 guard towers manned by soldiers with an order to shoot to kill anyone in this no man’s land.

The path of the wall through the city resembles the boundaries of a gerrymandered congressional district, with a monument or two here and a small corner there carved out seemingly at random. The boundary was of course drawn by politicians.

 

This guard tower stands in the last remaining ‘kill zone’ in a preserved portion of the wall.

 

 

The Berlin Wall Memorial – allowing a look down on the space between the walls –  no man’s land or the kill zone – thwarting attempts to flee to the west.

 

The Berlin Wall Today

Throughout Berlin there are remnants of this barrier designed to keep citizens from the communist countries in the east from coming to the west. Along the Spree River near the Ostbahnhof – the east train station – is the longest remaining stretch of the wall. When the wall came down in 1989, artists from all over the world came and decorated the east side which had been untouched during the days of the GDR. There were over 100 works of art, many commenting on the political events surrounding the wall. Over they years they have become weathered and defaced, though some have been restored. In many places along this 1316 meter gallery a fence has been erected to prevent further modification to this art.

During the years of the wall 136 people are known to have died attempting to come to the west.
The former ‘no man’s land’ at the East Side Gallery. This remaining span of the wall lies along the Spree River.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin